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Wild fennel, cultivation and properties of the plant. Characteristics, needs and all the information on where to find this plant and its seeds.
Wild fennel, plant
We are talking about a plant that grows spontaneously throughout Italy, its botanical name is Foeniculum vulgare, also often calledFoeniculum officinale. On our territory there are two subspecies ofwild fennel, both with the same health properties.
- Foeniculum vulgare subspecies piperitum
It is perennial and has a spicy flavor
- Foeniculum vulgare vulgare
It has a diversified vegetative cycle and a sweet aroma.
Different varieties of the latter subspecies are known. The azoricum variety, that is, the “domesticated” fennel grown as a vegetable. Then we have two spontaneous varieties:
- Foeniculum vulgare var. vulgar
Let's talk about thewild fennelproperly said. The common namebitter fennelidentifies this variety and is the most used in the herbal field.
- Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce
It produces very aromatic fruits that recall the flavor of anise.
Bitter fennel is the most used in herbal medicine because it is more concentrated and rich in active ingredients.
Wild fennel, properties
Thanks to hisproperty, thewild fennelit is widely used in herbal medicine, phytotherapy and aromatherapy. It is also widely used in the gastronomic sector. In the kitchen, young fresh shoots are used. In the kitchen you can also use the aerial part to prepare a good wild fennel jam.
Wild fennel helps digest fats and for this reason the fennel liqueur (fennel) is considered an excellent digestive. Here is the list of properties and benefits of wild fennel.
Wild fennel infusions are used to deflate the belly in cases of abdominal bloating related to excess gas and aerophagia.
Wild fennel, where to find it
Wild fennel is easily found in areas where olives and vines are grown. Who wants to go hunting forwild fennelthat grows spontaneously in uncultivated meadows, you can read the page "wild fennel, where to find it "so as to learn to recognize it easily and to understand in which areas of the Italian territory it can be collected.
Wild fennel, cultivation
Thanks to hisproperty, thewild fennelit is a very plant cultivated also for income purposes. Give her cultivations of wild fennel, the plant material is obtained to be sent to:
- Extraction laboratories
The essential oil can be extracted from plants and you can obtain:
- Herbal teas
- Toppings for bread, fish and meats
- Seasonings for soups
- Hydroalcoholic extracts
- Dry extracts
- Essential oil
Grow wild fennelit's not easy at all. The cultivation to obtain the leaves alone can be carried out on an annual cycle. The leaves can then be distilled or dried.
You can startgrow wild fennelstarting from the seed. Sowing takes place at the end of April, when the soil temperatures are between 15 - 16 ° C.
You can grow from 5 to 8 plants per square meter. Just leave 25 cm of distance between the plants and 45 cm of space between one furrow and another. Before sowing, it is necessary to carry out a tillage to eliminate weeds.
The fertilizations are carried out with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Water should be administered as a relief element because the plant resists drought, however, to obtain better yields, it is recommended to irrigate frequently, especially if the cultivation is aimed at producing the aerial part.
Wild fennel seeds
If cultivation aims to producewild fennel seeds, a two-year cycle must be carried out. Calculate that the yield inseedssees a production of 150 - 180 wild fennel seeds for every 1,000 square meters of cultivated land.
For the purchase ofwild fennel seeds for sowingthis Amazon page, you can contact the agricultural consortia for large quantities, while for the classic sachets there is the online sale. On Amazon there are many nurserymen who offer wild fennel seeds to grow. For all the info I invite you to visit.